The 11 components of fitness

Although opinions can vary, the components of fitness are generally split in to two categories: Health Related (the first 5) and Skill Related (the last 6).

  • Health related

  • Body Composition - The ratio of muscle to fat in the body.
  • Endurance (Cardio Vascular) -  The ability of the bodies’ systems to inhale, process and deliver oxygen and expel carbon dioxide.
  • Endurance (Muscular) - The ability of your muscles to perform contractions for sustained periods of time.
  • Strength -  The ability of a muscle or combination of muscles, to apply force against a resistance.
  • Flexibility -  The range of motion at a joint or series of joints.
  • Skill related

  • Power - The ability of a muscle, or combination of muscles, to exert a maximal force in a minimal time.
  • Speed - The ability to minimise the time cycle of a repeated movement.
  • Coordination - The ability to combine several movement patterns into a singular movement.
  • Balance - The ability to control the placement of the body’s centre of gravity in relation to its support base.
  • Agility - The ability to minimise the transition time from one movement pattern to another.
  • Reaction Time - How quickly an individual responds to a stimulus.