Although opinions can vary, the components of fitness are generally split in to two categories: Health Related (the first 5) and Skill Related (the last 6).
- Body Composition - The ratio of muscle to fat in the body.
- Endurance (Cardio Vascular) - The ability of the bodies’ systems to inhale, process and deliver oxygen and expel carbon dioxide.
- Endurance (Muscular) - The ability of your muscles to perform contractions for sustained periods of time.
- Strength - The ability of a muscle or combination of muscles, to apply force against a resistance.
- Flexibility - The range of motion at a joint or series of joints.
- Power - The ability of a muscle, or combination of muscles, to exert a maximal force in a minimal time.
- Speed - The ability to minimise the time cycle of a repeated movement.
- Coordination - The ability to combine several movement patterns into a singular movement.
- Balance - The ability to control the placement of the body’s centre of gravity in relation to its support base.
- Agility - The ability to minimise the transition time from one movement pattern to another.
- Reaction Time - How quickly an individual responds to a stimulus.